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Conflict and War

ACT to Protect Children Affected by Conflict

United Nations 2 April 2019

UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict launches new initiative to improve awareness and action to protect boys and girls affected by armed conflict. The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Ms. Virginia Gamba, unveiled a new initiative to generate greater awareness and action to improve the protection of children affected by armed conflict.

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Students in Syria are a textbook case for post-Islamic State re-education

Los Angeles Times 1 April 2019

Authorities begin efforts to reeducate about 25,000 school-age children being held in Al Hol, the desolate internment camp on the edge of eastern Syria for members of Islamic State’s so-called caliphate and refugees from the communities the militant group controlled in Syria and Iraq. With the radical group having lost the last of the land it controlled after nearly five years of warfare, authorities now face the challenge of reeducating the children of the militant fighters, most of them schooled from an early age in Islamic State’s barbaric ways.

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Rebuilding bombed schools in Yemen

Norwegian Refugee Council 22 March 2019

Millions have fled their homes. Landmines and airstrikes, combined with a lack of food and medical help, are putting 24 million lives at risk. Amid conflict, hunger and cholera, we delivered aid to over 800,000 Yemenis last year.

Together with UNICEF, the NRC recently built a new school with ten classrooms next to the ruins of the old one. In Yemen, they make sure children living amid conflict can still access school. In southern Yemen alone, they’ve rehabilitated 30 schools and built 110 temporary learning spaces. the NRC also distribute school materials, equip learning spaces, train teachers and organise school meals.

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10 Barriers to Education Around the World

New Indian Express 14 December 2018

Education is a precious resource, of this there is no doubt. Many people owe their entire careers to teaching. It is easy to see why it is such a priority among the lives of many. However, there are barriers which prevent education from being more commonplace. We’re going to explore 10 of those obstacles here and now, to see what the main challenges are.

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Children bear brunt of Yemen’s ongoing conflict

Anadolu Agency 14 December 2018

Yemeni refugees, especially children, continue to face specter of starvation, disease

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Lebanon: Stalled Effort to Get Syrian Children in School

Human Rights Watch 13 December 2018

The number of Syrian refugee children enrolled in school in Lebanon has stalled at the same inadequate levels as in the 2017-2018 school year, Human Rights Watch said today.

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Half of Syria’s children have grown up only seeing violence as conflict nears eight-year mark

UNICEF 13 December 2018

With an estimated 4 million children born in Syria since the conflict started nearly eight years ago, half of the country’s children have grown up only knowing war, UNICEF said today. Reaching them wherever they are and meeting their immediate and future needs remains a priority.

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Rohingya facing ‘lost generation’ of children out of school

Aljazeera 12 December 2018

Ban on formal schooling, poor resources leave children of mostly Muslim minority without basic education, report warns.

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On the Contact Line: Education Cannot Wait steps up to help children and adolescents in Ukraine

Relief Web 11 December 2018

Imagine going to a school where every day you hear bombs exploding. Imagine riding your bike to class past thousands of rounds of unexploded ordnance, blown out buildings and land mines.

This is just part of everyday life for the girls and boys living on the Contact Line in the Ukraine. For the past five years, the Contact Line has been ground zero in a war that separates Government Controlled Areas and Non-Government Controlled Areas, and affects over 700,000 school children, adolescents and teachers in over 3,500 educational facilities.

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Gunma teacher’s gift to kids in Cambodia: a decent education

The Asahi Shimbun 11 December 2018

As a child, Miyuki Hoshino, now 92, thought about quitting school because her family was so poor. It was wartime Japan, after all.

Yet, Hoshino completed her education and went on to carve out a career as a teacher at elementary and junior high schools here.

She came to realize that education was the path to a brighter future, no matter where a child might grow up.

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The World Has Failed Children in Conflict Zones

Stabroek News 11 December 2018

LONDON – This Human Rights Day (December 10) marked the 70th anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly’s adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Sadly, events over the past few years show that the world is failing to uphold the commitments enshrined in that document, particularly when it comes to protecting children.

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Yemen’s Conflict Shuts A Third Of Schools: UNICEF

Urdu Point 1 December 2018

The conflict in Yemen has forced over a third of all schools there to close, with 15 located on the frontline and others badly damaged or being used as shelters for displaced families, a UNICEF official said.

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In Her Fight for Education, She Never Lost Her Voice

New York Times 1 December 2018

Martine Edjuku was born into a country in conflict.

The Democratic Republic of Congo had been in political crisis for decades, something that came into sharp focus for her once Ms. Edjuku reached high school. As the conflict intensified, teachers were not paid and schools closed.

Ms. Edjuku and fellow students took up a collection to cover the transportation costs and a small salary just to get teachers to school, and classes were able to resume.

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Amid progress talks in Geneva, military use of schools put thousands of children at risk

Relief Web 28 November 2018

While international governments meet in Geneva this week to discuss progress and development in Afghanistan, thousands of children remain at risk and out of school due to the ongoing conflict.

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How Traumatized Children See the World, According to Their Drawings

Time 14 November 2018

In May, now-ousted U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced the start of the Trump Administration’s “zero tolerance” policy to separate migrant families at the Mexican border. “If you are smuggling a child” into the country, he said, “then we will prosecute you, and that child will be separated from you as required by law.” In just six weeks, more than 2,600 children were taken from their parents or other adults. Although a federal judge ordered the government to reunite all children with their families by July 26, hundreds likely still remain in U.S. custody. And the psychological trauma inflicted is likely to cause lifelong damage to these children, experts say.

Figuring out how children themselves are responding to trauma tends to be particularly difficult, because they may not be able to communicate how they feel. For decades, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) has worked with tens of thousands of children in struggling, often war-torn nations around the world who are suffering from what’s called toxic stress — a relentless cycle of trauma, violence and instability, coupled with a lack of adequate care at home. In some cases, the IRC has used drawing to help children open up or as a way to process their trauma. The drawings here, from IRC projects in Cambodia during the genocide, in Sierra Leone and Uganda in the early-2000s and in Jordan just last year, show what it’s like to endure displacement, violence and separation, through the eyes of the children themselves.

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