The INEE website has moved to You are currently viewing the static archive of the former INEE website, established in May 2019.

Promoting access to quality, safe, and relevant education for all persons affected by crisis

Academic Space

This section of the INEE website showcases academic work in the field of education in emergencies and post-crisis reconstruction.

To share your work (e.g. theses, dissertations, integrated projects, conference papers, and/or articles), please email [email protected].

INEE does not independently verify the veracity and accuracy of the works on this page. All readers should use their independent judgment in evaluating and utilizing these sources.

For other resources related to education in emergencies, we encourage you to consult the INEE Toolkit (vetted tools) and the INEE Resource Database (vast repository of unvetted resources). Also, a collection of rigrously reviewed articles on education in emergencies can be found in the Journal on Education in Emergencies.

All citations below are listed in a modified form of APA (American Psychological Association) format, one of the most common citation styles for education and social sciences worldwide.





Annotated Bibliographies

Annotated Bibliography on Teacher Professional Development

Annotated Bibliography on Education for Youth Affected by Crisis

Annotated Bibliography on Early Childhood Care and Development in Crises

Click to return to the top


Books & Book Chapters 

Chelpi-den Hamer, Magali. (2009).  Educational attainments of Liberian refugees in Cote d'Ivoire (1992-2007): Reflections on certification, equivalence, and the relevance of informal schooling in a refugee situation.  In J. Kirk (Ed.), Certification counts: recognising the learning attainments of displaced and refugee children (pp. 200-221).  Paris, France: UNESCO/IIEP.

Davies, Lynn.  (2013).  Unsafe gods: Security, secularism and schooling. London: Trentham Books. This book is available for purchase only.

Udayakumar, S.P.  (2009).  Confronting disasters: A holistic approach. Nagercoil, India: Transcend South Asia. 
Author's Note:  This book is related to education in emergencies and has various activities and exercises for school and college students. This book is available for purchase only. Please contact S. P. Udayakumar to obtain a copy: [email protected]

Click to return to the top


Conference Papers and Presentations

Macher, Julie.  (2014).   Disaster Risk Reduction and Children's Rights to Education and Safety:Integrating Humanitarian Response and Development after Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) in the Philippines.  Paper presented at Third International Conference on Human Rights and Peace & Conflict in South East Asia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Nusrat, Rabia & Raza Jamil, Baela.  (2007).  Earthquake and education in emergencies: An opportunity and a challenge.  Paper presented at 9th UKFIET International Conference on Education and Development, Oxford, UK.

Pausigere, Peter.  (2011).  Challenges and possibilities in emergency education: Insights for maths teaching and learning at a Johannesburg refugee school.  Paper presented at the Mathematics Education 21th Century International conference, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa.

Penson, Jonathan, Yonemura, Akemi, Sesnan, Barry, Ochs, Kimberly, & Chanda, Casmir.  (2011, September).  Beyond the Commonwealth Teacher Recruitment Protocol: Next steps in managing teacher migration in difficult circumstances.  Paper originally presented at the 11th UKFIET International Conference on Education and Development.

Schellekens, Leo & Fadoul, Naji.  (2010, May).  Education and the mitigation of conflict and fragility.  Paper presented by BRIDGE/Mercy Corps at the bi-annual review of USAID Education partners, Education in Post Conflict Environment, Juba, South Sudan.

Shah, Ritesh.  (2009, September).  Timor-Leste ten years on: Reconstructing curriculum for the future?  Paper presented at the 10th UKFIET Conference on Education and Development, Oxford, UK.

Click to return to the top


Course Syllabi

Click to view a listing of academic syllabi for courses related to education in emergencies.

Click to return to the top


Dissertations & Theses, Doctoral

Bhuvanswari, M.  (2005).  Child-friendly school systems in Chennai Corporation primary schools (Doctoral thesis).

Krupar, A. (2017). Women's Empowerment and Forced Migration: A Visual Ethnography of Experiences in NGO-Sponsored Adult Education Programs in Dadaab, Kenya. (Doctoral thesis, The Pennsylvania State University). 

Lauritzen, Solvor M. (2013).  Building a Culture of Peace: Peace Education in Kenyan Primary Schools (Doctoral thesis, University of York, Heslington, York, UK).

Lerch, Julia C. (2017). Beyond Survival: The Rise of Education in Emergencies as Global Field and Profession (Doctoral thesis, Graduate School of Education, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA). 

Mendenhall, Mary Anne.  (2009).  Education and the relief-development transition in post-conflict countries: The (un)sustainability of educational support provided by international organizations (Doctoral dissertation, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA).

Nkengbeza, David (2014).  Building a Professional Learning Community in a Conflict and Post-conflict Environment: A Case Study of a High School in Liberia (Doctoral thesis).

Click to return to the top


Dissertations & Theses, Master's

Bakhshi, Henna.  (2008).  Competing conceptual frameworks in emergency education Interventions: A multiple-case study analysis (Master's dissertation [MA in Education and International Development], Institute of Education, University of London, UK).

Canales Gallardo, Claudia Gabriela. (2009). Early childhood education: Towards sustainable peace in Sri Lanka (Master's thesis [International Political Science], The Graduate Institute of Peace Studies, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea).

Corrigan, Sean. (2005). Beyond Provision: A comparative analysis of two long-term refugee education systems (Master's thesis, Department of Sociology and Equity Studies in Education, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, ON, Canada).

Haines, Deborah. (2013). Is Education in Emergencies An Integral Part of The First Phase of Humanitarian Assistance? (Master's dissertation [MSc International Childhood Studies], Birkbeck College, London, UK).

Kihara, Ivy E.W. (2010). The Impact of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism on the Right to Education (Master's dissertation [LLM Human Rights and Democratisation in Africa], University of Pretoria, South Africa).

London, Elisha. (2009). Ownership and fragility education: The case of Liberia Education Pooled Fund (Master's dissertation, London School of Economics, UK).

Lopes Cardozo, Mieke. (2006). The state of peace education in Sri Lanka: In peace or in pieces? (Master's thesis [MSc International Development Studies], University of Amsterdam & International School for Humanities and Social Science, Netherlands).

Mayer, Rachel. (2015). Reasearch and analysis paper: Education for Syrian Children: The Imperative of Improving Syrian Refugee Children’s Access to Education in Lebanon (Master's Paper [MA in Human Rights], Columbia University, New York, USA).

Müller, Gabriela. (2017). Coordinating Education in Emergencies through the Education Cluster – illustrated by the cases of Mali and Nigeria (Master's thesis dissertation [Master of Arts World Society and Global Governance], Faculty of Culture and Social Science of the University of Lucerne).

Newby, Landon S. (2009). Education, technology & conflict: The use and perceptions of the Internet in higher education in Palestinian higher education (Master's dissertation [MSc in Education e-Learning], University of Oxford, UK).

Oakes, Shan.  (2007).  Closing the gap: The gap between young people’s views about sustainability and theschool system’s potential to provide sustainable education (Master's dissertation [MSc in Education for Sustainability], London South Bank University, UK). 

Økland, Malin Toftesund. (2014). Being young and out of place: an explorative study on the everyday practices of educational provision in the humanitarian operations in Kakuma, northwestern Kenya (Master's thesis [‎MSc Societal Safety and Risk Management], University of Stavanger, Norway).

Paulson, Julia.  (n.d.).  Conflict, education and truth commissions: The case of Sierra Leone (Master's thesis [MSc in Comparative and International Education], Department of Educational Studies, Oxford University, UK).

Rea, Deborah.  (2007).  Preparing for the future: Incorporating disaster management education into Sri Lankan schools (Master's thesis, Coventry University, UK).

Richardson, Stephen. (2014). INGOs in the mirror: Critical reflections of practitioners implementing psychosocial support programs (Masters project, University of Massachusetts Amherst Center for International Education).

Ruskin, Louise Anna.  (n.d.).  Exploring the effectiveness of child friendly spaces in providing early childhood interventions for 3-6 year olds in fragile situations by Louise Anna Ruskin (Master's dissertation [MA in Educaiton and International Development], Institute of Education, University of London, UK).

Tate, Ruth.  (n.d.).  The role of INGOs in meeting educational rights in conflict-affected fragile states: the case of ActionAid International Sierra Leone (Master's thesis [MA in Inernational Education and Development], Centre for International Education, University of Sussex, UK).

Trzmiel, Barbara. (2017). Recognition of refugees’ prior learning– the case of Lebanon (Master's dissertation [MA in Educational Planning, Economics
and International Development], Institute of Education, University College London).

Waerum Rognerud, Eli.  (2005).  Education in emergencies: Bridging the funding gap (Master's thesis [Development Policy], Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Bremen, Germany).

Wenger, Genevieve (2014). Policies, Perceptions and Practices: Teaching the recent conflict in secondary school history classes in post-conflict Banda Aceh, Indonesia (Master's thesis [MSc in International Development Studies], Graduate School of Social Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands).

Wright, Laura-Ashley.  (2010).  The case of refugee education in Kenya: An analysis of Kakuma and Dadaab (Master's dissertation [MSc Education in Comparative and International Education], University of Oxford, UK).

Youngs, Megan.  (2010).  Real People, Real Needs: Deaf education in Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya (Master's thesis, Graduate Department of Theory and Policy Studies in Education, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Canada).

Zeus, Barbara.  (2009).  Exploring paradoxes around higher education in protracted refugee situations: The case of Burmese refugees in Thailand (Master's dissertation, Institute of Education, University of London, UK).

Click to return to the top


Journal Articles

Allaf, Carine, Laub, Tzvetomira, & Sloat, Arianna.  (2014).  Translating global education standards to local contextsForced Migration Review 45, 84-86.

Chelpi-den Hamer, Magali.  (2007).  How to certify learning in a country split into two by a civil war? Governmental and non governmental initiatives in Cote d'Ivoire, 2002-2006.  Research in Comparative and International Education, 2(3), 191-209.

Gómez Fernández, T.  (2004). Educación para la conflicto y la formación social. DIDAC 43, 1-10. [Universidad Iberoamericana, Ciudad de México, México.]

Gordon, Charlie.  (2010).  Reflecting on the EFA Global Monitoring Report’s framework for understanding quality education: A teacher’s perspective in Eritrea. International Journal of Educational Development, 30(4), 388–395. NOTE: This article is only available with a journal subscription.

Lopes Cardozo, Mieke T.A.  (2009).  Sri Lanka: in peace or in pieces? A critical approach to peace education in Sri LankaResearch in Comparative and International Education, 3(1), 19-35. NOTE: This article is only available with a journal subscription.

Pausigere, Peter  (2013). Education and Training Initiatives at the Central Methodist Church Refugee House in Johannesburg. Perspectives in Education, 31(2): 42-53.

Education in Emergencies & Post-Conflict Situations, Vol 1.  (2004).  New York, NY, USA: Society for International Education, Teachers College, Columbia University.  Note:  This is graduate student research. 

  • Burde, Dana.  Foreword.  p. 5
  • Pagen, Christine.  Arm of the government?  Security of civilian staff in conflict and post-conflict situations.  p. 15.
  • VanderKamp, Kara.  High quality refugee education: The impact of funding.  p. 25.
  • Hall, Brandon J.  The Iraq War and conflict distance learning: The effects of embedded media on public education.  p. 33.
  • Lenton, James.  The effects of the current Thai administration policy on post-secondary educational opportunities for Burmese refugees in Thailand.  p. 45.
  • Moore Crowley, Martha.  Groundwork for development in education: Emergency assistance in Haiti.  p. 55. 
  • Muro Homan, Tonya.  Analysis of the national Tanzania policy on HIV/AIDS from a sociocultural perspective: Reading policy as a “cultural text” in light of the AIDS crisis.  p. 65.
  • Salmon, Jill.  Education and its contribution to structural violence in Rwanda.  p. 79.
  • Mazzucelli, Colette.  Rewriting history: The impact of post-conflict education on nationalist ideology in Serbia.  p. 87.
  • Cronin, Peter M.  Developing national unity by educating students about their enemies: The case of Israel and Palestine.  p. 97.
  • Zakharia, Zeena.  How schools cope with war: A case study of Lebanon.  p. 107.
  • Hantzopoulos, Maria.  High stakes testing during a time of conflict: The case of a public high school in New York City since September 11th.  p. 119.

Education in Emergencies & Post-Conflict Situations, Vol 2.  (2005).  New York, NY, USA: Society for International Education, Teachers College, Columbia University.  Note:  This is graduate student research.

  • Burde, Dana.  Foreword.  p. i.
  • Ghaffar-Kucher, Ameena.  The effects of repatriation on education in Afghan refugee camps in Pakistan.  p. 3.
  • Busch, J. Kirsten.  Turkey’s emergency education response to Iraqi refugees and Kurdish returnees: Politics and provisions.  p. 16.
  • Hollmann, Suzanne.  Lost generation: The importance of adolescent education in refugee and IDP situations and barriers to access.  p. 28.
  • Bogner, Beth A.  Addressing the needs of refugee students in NYC public schools.  p. 39.
  • James, Brandi.  Examining the impact of illicit crop eradication on education in Colombia.  p. 51.
  • Arnold, Jennifer S.  New armor for children in armed conflict: Child rights education in the disarmament, demobilization, rehabilitation, and reintegration process.  p. 65.
  • Nolan, Tricia D.  Perceptions and portrayals of faith-based organizations in education in emergencies: A case study from Sri Lanka.  p. 75.
  • Strecker, Morgan H.  Supplemental education and psychosocial support in northern Uganda.  p. 87.
  • Tonini, Donna C.  The breadbasket goes empty: Zimbabwe – a country in crisis.  p. 98.
  • Browne, M. Sherwin H.  Mobile education in Sudan. Conduit to EFA or optical illusion?  p. 110.

Click to return to the top


Master's-Level Papers (non-theses/dissertations)

Abisola Noah Pinheiro, Yetunde. (2017). Measuring Teacher Stress in Fragile Contexts (Master's thesis [MA in Public Administration in Gender and Human Rights/Humanitarian Policy], SIPA, Columbia University, NY, New York, USA).

Adeni, Sarayu. (2014). The Fury and the Future: How international organizations are learning from children post-Haiyan, and what it means for disaster risk reduction. Unpublished class paper, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Andina, Marina. (2005). Education in emergencies: Standards for human rights and development. Unpublished monograph, International Comparative Education Department, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Bakhshi, Henna. (2008). Acting against violence In Altos de Cazuca (AVIAC): A participatory approach towards addressing violence in a slum around Bogotá. Unpublished paper, Institute of Education, University of London, UK.

Baskin, Kim. (2014). Case Studies on Social and Emotional Learning: SEL applications for Post-conflict, Disarmament, Demobilization & Reintegration, and Disaster Risk Reduction Scenarios – Rwanda | Mozambique | Sri Lanka. Unpublished paper, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Bellotti, Sarah. (2013). Resilience Programming for Education in Emergencies: Analysis of Best PracticesUnpublished class paper, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Bix, Maia. (2017). Centering Higher Education in the Global Movement for Refugee Education. Unpublished paper, Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs, New York, NY, USA. 

Carvallo, Hélène. (n.d.). Women in the Arab world -- between violence and impunity: The Algerian case. Unpublished paper, University of California at Berkeley, USA [International and Area Studies master's degree].

Dean, Janice. (2014). Social and Emotional Learning Infused Programs in Adversity Contexts. Unpublished paper, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Issa Farah, Abdikadir. (2013). International insights into the education in emergencies and quality of the schools at IDP settlements in Somalia. Published class paper, Atlantic International University, Honolulu, HI, USA. 

Kaufmann, Deborah (2016). Children in Emergencies: Psychosocial Support as a Holistic Protection Mechanism. Unpublished class paper, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA [Master of Public Administration in Development Practice]. 

Komunda, Noel Rodney. (2007). Education as "a social vaccine" in the fight against HIV/AIDS: Is Uganda meeting the challenge? Unpublished class paper, Institute of Educational Research, University of Oslo, Norway [Master of Philosophy in Comparative and International Education].

Maglio, Fabiana. (2014). Mapping the Syrian crisis in hosting countries: Syrian refugee children out of Lebanese school. Unpublished class paper, Institute of Education, University of London, UK [MA in Education, Gender and International Development].

Moore, Jessica. (2014). Disaster Risk Reduction and Early Childhood Development in the Philippines: Lessons Learned from Super Typhoon Haiyan Unpublished class paper, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Morris, Allison & Al-Aloul, Nidal. (2010). Evaluation of UNRWA's primary schools in Jordan. Unpublished paper, Institut d’études politiques, Paris, France.

Natoniewski, Micael. (2008). Teacher needs in education in displacement. Unpublished class paper, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.

Parikh, Priya & bin Awwal, Tanim. (2016). Understanding the Context: A Comparative Assessment of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka’s Contextualization Process of the INEE Minimum Standards. Unpublished class paper, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Rhoades, Amy S. (2010). Displaced futures: Internally displaced persons and the right to education. Unpublished class paper, United Nations University for Peace.

Rizkallah, Lulwa (2013). Strengthening the Right to Education in Conflict Situations. Unpublished class paper, Georgetown University Law Center, Washington, D.C., USA.

van Gelderen, Tamar. (2011). INEE Minimum Standards case study analysis: Building capacity for Gaza educationalists. Unpublished class paper, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Click to return to the top


Research Reports and Briefs

del Campo, Maria Alejandra. (n.d). The radio at school: An educational instrument to transmit knowledge and awareness for mitigation of natural risks (Applied Grants Programme, Young Researcher's Project brief).  Geneva, Switzerland: ProVention Consortium.  Author's Note: For more information on this project, please visit

Richardson, Stephen. (2014). INGOs in the mirror: Critical reflections of practitioners implementing psychosocial support programs. (Masters project research policy brief, University of Massachusetts Amherst Center for International Education).

Click to return to the top


Other Academic Papers

Bousleiman, Sara. (2016). The Syrian Refugee Crises in Lebanon. (High school research paper; Pascack Valley High School, New Jersey, USA) 

Click to return to the top