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On 9 July 2010 the United Nations General Assembly adopted a first-of-its-kind resolution on the right to education in emergencies. This resolution reaffirms that everyone shall enjoy the human right to education, and urges Member States to ensure access to education in emergency situations for all affected populations, while implementing strategies and policies to ensure and support the realization of this right as an integral element of humanitarian assistance and response.
This historic resolution followed a 2009 UN General Assembly Debate on Education in Emergencies.
2010 UN Report on the Right to Education for Migrants, Refugees and Asylum Seekers
The 2010 annual report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education focused on the right to education of migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers.
2008 UN Report on the Right to Education in Emergencies
In 2008, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education focused his mandate on the right to education in emergencies. Many INEE members contributed to the contents of this Report through questionnaires developed by the Special Rapporteur and disseminated on the INEE Listserv and Website. Visit the INEE webpage on the 2008 UN Report on the Right to Education in Emergencies for a summary of the report, the full text for download in Spanish and English, and highlights relating specifically to INEE and the INEE Minimum Standards.
The 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is a foundational document for INEE. The right to education is set out in Article 28 and Article 29, and many other articles are also relevant to INEE's work, including those relating play and recreation (Art. 31), and non-discrimination (Art. 2)
In 2008, the Committee on the Rights of the Child devoted its Day of General Discussion (DGD) to the right of children to education in emergency situations. The purpose of the Days of General Discussion is to foster a deeper understanding of the contents and implications of the Convention in relation to specific articles or topics. Visit the INEE webpage on the 2008 Committee on the Rights of the Child Day of General Discussion for a summary of the report hightlights, and to download the report.
Around the same time the UN General Assembly resolution on EiE was passed in 2010, ECOSOC adopted a resolution on strengthening the UN’s coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance. Although there are a few articles that could be interpreted in conjunction with the GA resolution, article 7 specifically “encourages efforts to provide education in humanitarian emergencies, including in order to contribute to a smooth transition from relief to development.”